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Enslaved By Native Americans: Why I Helped Create Indigenous Peoples Day in Los Angeles

DAVID MCNEW VIA GETTY IMAGES

A little known historical fact is that many thousands of African slaves were owned by Native Americans. Whether Indigenous People adopted the European system of slavery in an attempt to assimilate or compete economically is a topic for another conversation. After the Emancipation Proclamation freed them, the former slaves names were recorded in the Freedman Rolls of the Five Civilized Tribes. My ancestors were among them.

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